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DTN Headline News

USDA Weekly Crop Progress

By Anthony Greder
DTN Managing Editor

OMAHA (DTN) -- Farmers across the country took advantage of the short period of drier weather last week to make up for lost time in getting seed in the ground. But, as of Sunday, May 19, only about the half of the nation's corn crop and less than a quarter of the soybean crop was planted, according to USDA NASS' weekly Crop Progress report on Monday.

An estimated 49% of U.S. corn was planted as of Sunday, a jump of 19 percentage points from 30% the previous week, but still well behind 78% at the same time last year and 31 percentage points behind the five-year average of 80%. That was a slight improvement from last week's report when corn planting was 36 percentage points behind the average pace.

"This is right in line with the 45-49% that many in the trade had expected on Monday," said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini. However, he noted that the 51% of the crop remaining to be planted is the highest percentage by far for this date, with the previous record 47% remaining.

Some notable states included: Illinois, where 24% of corn was planted versus the five-year average of 89%; Indiana, 14% planted versus an average of 73%; Iowa, 70% planted versus 89% average; Michigan, 19% planted versus 54% average; Minnesota, 56% planted compared to 83% average; Missouri, 62% planted versus an average of 92%; Nebraska, 70% planted versus an average of 86%; Ohio, 9% planted versus an average of 62%; South Dakota, 19% planted versus 76% average; and Wisconsin, 35% planted versus an average of 65%.

"This is clearly a bullish progress report on corn with 51% to be planted beyond Monday, May 20, which is a key date for yield loss going forward," Mantini said.

Corn emergence continued to be sluggish with an estimated 19% of the crop emerged as of Sunday, behind 47% last year and 30 percentage points behind the five-year average of 49%. In last week's report, emergence was 19 percentage points behind the average.

Soybean planting progress fell further behind its average pace. As of Sunday, an estimated 19% of the crop was planted, up 10 percentage points from the previous week, behind last year's 53% and 28 percentage points behind the five-year average of 47%. In last week's report, soybean planting was 20 percentage points behind average.

Meanwhile, spring wheat growers continued to close the gap between 2019 planting progress and the five-year average. NASS estimated that 70% of spring wheat was planted as of Sunday, 10 percentage points behind the five-year average of 80%. That was closer to the average pace than the previous week when planting was 22 percentage points behind normal.

Spring wheat emerged, at 26%, was 25 percentage points behind the five-year average of 51%.

Winter wheat was 54% headed as of Sunday, behind last year's 59% and 12 percentage points behind the five-year average of 66%. USDA estimated that 66% of winter wheat was in good-to-excellent condition, up 2 percentage points from 64% the previous week.

Sorghum was 26% planted, compared to 38% last year and a five-year average of 38%. Oats were 77% planted as of May 19, compared to 84% last year and an average of 90%. Oats emerged were at 53%, compared to 64% last year and an average of 76%.

Cotton planting was 44% complete, compared to 50% last year and an average of 45%. Rice was 73% planted, compared to 92% last year and an average of 90%. Fifty-two percent of rice was emerged, compared to 72% last year and an average of 75%.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit…. Look for the U.S. map in the "Find Data and Reports by" section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state's "Crop Progress & Condition" report.

National Crop Progress Summary
Corn Planted49307880
Corn Emerged19104749
Soybeans Planted1995347
Soybeans Emerged5NA2417
Winter Wheat Headed54425966
Spring Wheat Planted70457680
Spring Wheat Emerged26103451
Cotton Planted44265045
Sorghum Planted26243838
Barley Planted76597884
Barley Emerged39254257
Oats Planted77628490
Oats Emerged53436476
Rice Planted73559290
Rice Emerged52427275


National Crop Condition Summary
(VP = Very Poor; P = Poor; F = Fair; G = Good; E = Excellent)
This WeekLast WeekLast Year
Winter Wheat2626501626284915152029297


National Soil Moisture Condition - 48 States
(VS = Very Short; SH = Short; AD = Adequate; SR = Surplus)
This WeekLast WeekLast Year
Topsoil Moisture1761311659348176411
Subsoil Moisture166429166330721648

Anthony Greder can be reached at

Follow him on Twitter @AGrederDTN



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